Examples for induction
An airplane moves such that it's velocity and wingspan are both perpendicular to a magnetic field of 1.0E-4 T. How fast must the plane move such that you could start a car (12 V)?
DATA: wingspan=36.0 m
V = vLB, stick in the number and solve for v.
v = 3.3E3 m/s
Problem: Consider the loops shown above. A magnetic field of 0.5 T is introduced into the loop over a time t. If the radius of a loop is 4.0 cm and there are 600 turns, how quickly (find t) must the field be introduced to attain a 12 V potential?
Use Lenz's law:
The change in the magnetic field is 0.5 T and everything else is given so solve for Dt which is the time over which the field is introduced, t.
t = 0.126 s
Problem: Consider the transformer shown above. The r.m.s. voltage of the primary source is 110 V, and there are 100 turns in the primary loop compared to 500 turns in the secondary loop. What is the power consumed in the 10 W resistor?
The voltage of the secondary source is (500/100) times larger, Vs = 550 V. The power is Vs2/R.
P = 30.25 kW
Problem: Consider the loops shown above which are immersed in a constant magnetic field of 0.5 T. The radius of the loop is 30 cm. If the loop is rotated at 60 Hz, how many turns are needed to achieve an r.m.s.voltage of 110 V?
The rate of change of the flux is
Since we want an r.m.s. voltage which is the maximum voltage times 1/sqrt(2).
N = 15
a.) Consider a solenoid which has zero current at t = 0, and is then ramped up to 2.0 amps in 1.5 ms. If the voltage across the inductor during this time is 14 V, what is the inductance of the solenoid?
Use V = L DI/Dt, to find L.
L = 0.0105 H
b.) What is the final energy stored in the solenoid?
Use U = (1/2)L I2, to find U.
U = .021 J
Problem: Consider the two circuits, A and B above. The switches are closed at time t = 0 after being open a long time.
1.) Which circuit(s) have a current in the instant immediately after t = 0 ?
2.) Which circuit(s) have a current a long time after t = 0 ?
3.) Which element(s) (aside from the battery) store energy a long time after t = 0 ?
A, B, both the inductor and capacitor.