Examples for Resistors
A wire of length L = 60 m needs to be laid to carry a current of 150 amps with a voltage drop of no more than 0.5 V. The wire is to be made of copper which has a resistivity r = 1.72E-8 Wm. What is the minimum diameter D of the wire?
The resistance of the wire needs to by less than the voltage drop divided by the current.
The resistance is given by R = rL/A, therefore the cross sectional area is:
D = 1.99 cm
Consider the circuit below. What is the equivalent resistance Rab?
DATA: R1 = R2 = R3 = 7.0 W
First consider the upper two resistors as a single resistor, R23. The resistance RAB can be found by adding R1 and R23 in parallel.
Adding one 1/14 and 1/7 gives 3/14, therefore
RAB = (14/3) W
What is the equivalent resistance RAB of the three resistors shown below.
Data R1 = R2 = R3 = 6 W.
Use the relation to solve for RAB.
RAB = 2 W
A 12-volt battery is used to heat a 120 ml cup of coffee by submerging an 8.0-ohm resistor. How long will take to bring the coffee from 20 oC to 100 oC?
The energy needed to heat the water is:
where Cv is the specific heat, one calorie per gram, DT is the change in temperature and m is the mass, 120 g. One then obtains the energy, E = 9600 calories = 4.03E4 J. The time Dt can be found by
Dt = 37 minutes
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